Journal of Nature and Science of Medicine

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2018  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 59--63

Organ donation awareness and attitude among Riyadh City Residents, Saudi Arabia


Aws Almufleh1, Rasha Althebaity2, Ali S Alamri3, Nada A Al-Rashed4, Eman H Alshehri5, Lina Albalawi6, Reem Alameer7, Eman Hajr8, Ismail A Raslan9, Faisal A Alsaif10 
1 Cardiac Sciences Department, King Fahad Cardiac Center, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, Majmaah University, Al Majmaah, Saudi Arabia
3 Department of Surgery, King Saud Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
4 General Surgery Registrar in Security Forces Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
5 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
6 Demonstrator, Internal Medicine Department, Almajmaah University, Al Majmaah, Saudi Arabia
7 Infectious Diseases Section, Internal Medicine Department, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
8 Saudi Board in Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Otology/Neurotology Fellow, Al Imam Mohammed Bin Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
9 Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
10 Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Faisal A Alsaif
HPB and Transplant Surgery, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh
Saudi Arabia

Introduction: Organ donation is widely contentious among the Saudi population though remains largely understudied. In the aim to understand the public perception of organ donation, willingness to donate, and the reasons for donation refusal, we carried out this study. Methodology: A cross-sectional questionnaire-based study was conducted on a stratified-by-region random sample of 2596 Saudi residents in Riyadh area between 15 and 70 years of age in March 2010. The main outcomes were rates of organ donation awareness, willingness to donate, and awareness of Islamic opinion permitting organ donation. Secondary exploratory analysis was performed to determine reasons for organ donation refusal. Results: Seventy-six percentage of the sample had some background knowledge of organ donation; however, 41% were unwilling to donate their organs, with only 30.1% of our sample having had a prior knowledge about Islamic opinion about organ donation. Overall, of those who had background knowledge of organ donation, 79.5% thought that organ donation was important or very important. Respondents who are women, older, more educated, and in higher income group were more likely to be aware of organ donation (P < 0.05) and those younger than 35 years old were more likely to be unaware of the Islamic opinion (P < 0.001). The most cited reasons for donation refusal included the desire to be buried with complete parts (43.8%) (i.e., not disfigured), having an incomplete idea about brain death (24%), and because they thought that it was forbidden in Islam (15.1%). Conclusion: The level of organ donation awareness was comparatively high, but knowledge of the Islamic views of organ donation lacked among high portion of our sample, which partially explains the high organ donation refusal rate. There remains a large need to promote public awareness about the importance of organ donation and to clear the confusion of the Islamic view.


How to cite this article:
Almufleh A, Althebaity R, Alamri AS, Al-Rashed NA, Alshehri EH, Albalawi L, Alameer R, Hajr E, Raslan IA, Alsaif FA. Organ donation awareness and attitude among Riyadh City Residents, Saudi Arabia.J Nat Sci Med 2018;1:59-63


How to cite this URL:
Almufleh A, Althebaity R, Alamri AS, Al-Rashed NA, Alshehri EH, Albalawi L, Alameer R, Hajr E, Raslan IA, Alsaif FA. Organ donation awareness and attitude among Riyadh City Residents, Saudi Arabia. J Nat Sci Med [serial online] 2018 [cited 2022 Sep 25 ];1:59-63
Available from: https://www.jnsmonline.org/article.asp?issn=2589-627X;year=2018;volume=1;issue=2;spage=59;epage=63;aulast=Almufleh;type=0