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Year : 2023  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 18-23

The psychometric properties of the Arabic version of the fear of COVID-19 scale

1 Department of Paediatrics, Paediatric Endocrinology Division, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Family and Community Medicine, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
3 Department of Paediatrics, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Reem Al Khalifah
Associate Professor and Consultant Pediatric Endocrinologist, Division of Pediatrics Endocrinology, Department of Pediatrics (39), College of Medicine, P.O Box 2925, Riyadh 11461
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jnsm.jnsm_130_21

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Aim: We aimed to translate and perform transcultural adaptation of the English version of the Fear of COVID-19 Scale (FCV-19S) to Arabic, and assess predictors of COVID-19 fear. Methods: We translated the original seven-item English FCV-19S to Arabic, then back-translated the scale to English. The scale was evaluated by a group of medical experts and participants from the general population to test for content and face validity. The final version of the scale was assessed in a cross-sectional study that included adults residing in Saudi Arabia, who participated in a study to assess the impact of COVID-19 fear on children's vaccination during the COVID-19 pandemic curfew March 24–July 6, 2020. Results: Overall, 577 participants responded to the survey. The mean age was 32.6 ± 5.7 years, and the majority had bachelor's or postgraduate university degrees. COVID-19 was diagnosed in 1.4% of the participants. The mean total score for the COVID-19 fear scale was 20 ± 5.4. The COVID-19 fear scale had excellent internal consistency and Cronbach's alpha 0.85 (95% confidence interval 0.93–0.96). Conclusions: The modified Arabic version of the FCV-19S is a valid and reliable tool to measure fear levels during the pandemic of COVID-19. Using an appropriate psychometric tool to measure the level of fear can help in monitoring changes in population fear levels, and implementing population-level measures to limit unwarranted fear.

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