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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 333-340

Role of basic healthcare structures in strengthening the COVID-19 response strategy: Improving quality of care project in oujda-angad prefecture in Eastern Morocco


1 LAPABE Laboratory, Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, University Mohamed Ier, Oujda, Morocco
2 Higher Institute of Health Nursing and Technical Professions Oujda (Annex Nador), Ministry of Health Morocco, Morocco

Correspondence Address:
Saliha Mharchi
LAPABE Laboratory, Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, University Mohamed Ier, Oujda
Morocco
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jnsm.jnsm_162_21

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Introduction: In June 2020, the Oujda-Angad prefecture recorded the highest number of positive cases at the regional level. In this context, our objective is to improve the quality of care for COVID-19 patients through the implementation of an effective response strategy. Material and Methods: This monocentric, retrospective study was carried out in two health care facilities: A Regional Hospital Center AL FARABI, and a first-level health center (Health Centers), in order to record the number of patients treated by each facility. In addition, we report in parallel the different decisions issued by the persons in charge during this same period since the registration of the first case COVID-19 March 2020 until January 2021 in the prefecture of Oujda-Angad, capital of the eastern region of Morocco. Results: The response strategy installed was based on a set of decisions, of which the involvement of the first-line health centers was the main action. Since their involvement, these centers have responded by performing from November to May 2020 (9457 tests) for suspected cases, of which 4760 (50%) were detected positive. 3956 of them were managed at home (83%), and 682 (14.32%) were referred to regional hospital facilities. The case fatality rate recorded in hospitals was 2.56% (122 cases). Conclusion: Different strategies have been put in place at the level of the prefecture of Oujda-Angad in its response plan, based on international experiences (containment and mitigation strategy) and local decisions (involvement of frontline facilities in the care of COVID-19 patients). The epidemiological situation has been stabilized, and the number of cases has decreased because of these actions.


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