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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 175-181

Infection and case fatality rate of COVID-19 in 100 countries: A comparative study based on economic status


1 Department of Health Informatics, College of Health Sciences, Saudi Electronic University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Public Health, College of Health Sciences, Saudi Electronic University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Rafiuddin Mohammed
Department of Health Informatics, College of Health Sciences, Saudi Electronic University, P. O. Box: 93499, Riyadh 11673
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jnsm.jnsm_114_21

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Objectives: The purpose of the study was to determine COVID-19 infection rate (IR) and case fatality rate (CFR) among the economic status of the countries. Methods: First 100 countries, according to the highest number of COVID-19 cases recorded as of August 14, 2021, were included in the present study and were classified as high-income (38), upper-middle-income (37), and low-middle-income (25) countries. The data were extracted from the Worldometer website tracking of COVID-19 cases globally. All parameters in this study are expressed as frequencies and percentages. IR and CFR were tabulated using specific formulations. Results: In high-income countries, Czechia (15.62%) and Bahrain (15.32%) reported the highest IR, whereas Hungary (3.71%) and Slovakia (3.19%) reported the highest CFR. In upper-middle-income countries, Georgia (11.99%) and Argentina (11.13%) with the highest IR, followed by Peru (9.25%) and Mexico (8.06%) resulted in the highest CFR. In lower-middle-income countries, Moldova (6.55%) and Palestine (6.12%) reported the highest IR. Egypt (5.82%) and Afghanistan (4.62%) observed the highest CFR of COVID-19. When comparing the economic status, found IR highest among high income countries (7.60%), whereas upper middle income countries showed the highest CFR (2.73%). Interestingly, found the lowest CFR in Qatar (0.26%) and UAE (0.29%) among all countries. Conclusions: Based on the comparison, different countries have responded better than other countries irrespective of the financial and economic status of these countries. The results showed high-income countries are the worst affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. The result of this preliminary study can be used as a benchmark for authorities in the administration of the policies according to the economic status.


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