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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 150-156

Development and validation of a framework for type 2 diabetes patient self-management education program: A qualitative study

1 Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Nutrition, Imam Mohammad Bin Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
3 Department of Family and community medicine, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Sulaiman Abdullah AlShammari
Department of Family and Community Medicine, College of Medicine, King Saud University, PO Box 2925, Riyadh 11461
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jnsm.jnsm_171_20

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Background and Objective: Patient self-management education has been a major factor in the intervention and management of chronic diseases as it engages and empowers patients to control and/or prevent complications of chronic diseases. The objective of this study was to develop and validate a framework standard for diabetic patient's self-management education. Methods: A quantified qualitative research method was applied to design and validate a patient self-management framework. Previously published 26 international diabetes management standards and guidelines were reviewed, analyzed, tabulated, and coded into three categories; systems, constructs, and themes. The resulting matrix with coding criteria was validated by a 3-session focus group for consensus, verification, and re-verification of the model. Co-researchers reviewed and reclassified the focus group re-verification data with >90% reliability. Results: The framework consisted of main three domains: the health system with four constructs and 96 items; the delivery system with five constructs and 139 items; and the system of decision, support, supervision, monitoring, and evaluation with 6 constructs and 32 items. Results are reported for the 3 focus group sessions and the co-researchers' review. It resulted in a modification of <30% of the original framework (N of items = 277 − 203 = 74 [26.7%]). Conclusion: A focus group methodology was effectively used to design and validate an appropriate patient self-management education framework. A valid framework of standards and guidelines for type 2 diabetes mellitus self-management was developed and validated to reflect the diabetic patients' needs. An outcome measurement tool would be developed based on the framework to assess the effectiveness of patient self-management outcomes in Saudi Arabian society.

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