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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 135-140

Pharmacognostic standardization and physicochemical evaluation of Caesalpinia crista L. root for quality control assessment

1 Department of Pharmacognosy, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Sardar Bhagwan Singh Post Graduate Institute of Biomedical Sciences and Research, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India
2 Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Ch. Devi Lal College of Pharmacy, Jagadhri, Haryana, India

Correspondence Address:
Bhuwan Chandra Joshi
Assistant Professor, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Sardar Bhagwan Singh Post Graduate Institute of Biomedical Sciences and Research, Balawala, Dehradun - 248 001, Uttarakhand
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/JNSM.JNSM_61_18

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Background: Caesalpinia crista Linn. (Caesalpiniaceae) have been used widely as ethnomedicinal practices and traditional medicine for its medicinal values. Conventionally, the plant was used for the treatment of bladder stone, fever, leucorrhea, as a tonic for rheumatism and backache; there is no published data on standardization of the plant for its authenticity, quality, and purity. Aim: The present study was to scientifically establish a pharmacognostic profile of C. crista root as per standard procedures. Materials and Methods: The investigation deals with comprehensive pharmacognostical parameters were carried out by organoleptic, microscopic characters, physicochemical, and phytochemical studies. Results: The present study provides the general organoleptic, microscopic characteristics of the root. Physicochemical studies revealed total ash (9.20 ± 0.17), acid insoluble ash (1.25 ± 0.11), water-soluble ash (3.1 ± 0.05), alcohol-soluble extractive (11.54 ± 0.46), and water-soluble extractive (12.66 ± 0.24), respectively. Preliminary phytochemical screening of root revealed the presence of carbohydrates, proteins, alkaloids, triterpenoids, glycosides, flavonoids, tannins, diterpenes, glycosides, and saponins. Conclusion: These studies will provide referential information for the correct taxonomical identification, standardization, and establishing monograph of C. crista.

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