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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 57-60

The prevalence of allergic rhinitis and its complications: A survey from Al-Ahssa, Saudi Arabia

1 Department of Otolaryngeology, College of Medicine, Head and Neck Surgery, King Faisal University, Al-Ahssa, Saudi Arabia
2 Assistant Professor of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, King Faisal University, Al-Ahssa, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Noor Nabil Albaloushi
King Faisal university
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/JNSM.JNSM_46_18

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Objectives: Allergic rhinitis (AR) is an inflammatory disorder induced by immunoglobulin E-mediated response after allergen exposure. It is the most common allergic disorder with a high burden on patients and society. The purpose of this study is to report the prevalence and severity of AR and its complications among the population of Al-Ahssa in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia. Materials and Methods: This study analyzed observational, descriptive, cross-sectional data. Our sample includes males and females from all age groups from Al-Ahssa, Saudi Arabia, in October 2017. Our sample size was 807 with a confidence level of 95% and a confidence interval of 3.45. Results: The study suggested that 48% of the samples were diagnosed with AR, 28% had symptoms suggestive of AR, and 24% did not have any symptoms. Results suggest a great association between AR, eczema, and asthma. About 53% of patients who live near a farm were diagnosed with AR and 28% of them had symptoms. This indicates an association between living near a farm and AR. In addition, there was a clear relationship between owning a pet and AR. In 44% of cases, recurrence occurred in winter. Eighty-one percent of patients either with AR or who have symptoms of AR are triggered when exposed to a certain stimulus. Sixty-four percent reported that symptoms are provoked by dust. The most common symptoms reported were nasal itching followed by sneezing. Fifty-seven percent of patients who have AR or symptoms of AR have severe disease. Seventy-five percent of them complain of sleep disturbance. Twenty-seven percent of patients reported 0 effect on life, 14% scored 5, and 14% scored 10 on the daily activity scale. Conclusion: We concluded that 76% of the samples were either diagnosed with AR or have symptoms suggestive of AR. These symptoms are mainly triggered by dust and are associated with living near farms.

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